students' area : note reading
NEW! First Position
Fingering Flash Cards - just print, cut and fold! Click
here to get the PDF file.
To figure out what finger plays what note, use this guide. For
instance, Open A is on the second space from the bottom of the staff,
while First Finger on E is on the top line. Beyond the "staff"
(the five lines that are joined) are notes such as Open G, which
is just below two lines extended from the bottom of the staff (the
smaller lines above and below the staff are called "ledger
lines"). The note D can also be played with 4th finger on the
G string, the note A can also be played with 4th finger on the D
string, etc. The lines of the staff from the bottom line up (not
the extensions) are called "E, G, B, D and F" or "Every
Good Bob Deserves Fudge" to help you memorize. The spaces of
the staff from the bottom space up are called "F, A, C, E"
Basic note names and values below. Eighth notes
and smaller when alone are written with "flags", or when
multiple are side by side, they are usually connected with "bars".
Adding a "dot" just off to the right of the note head
adds value to the note by 1/2 the note value. For instance, when
adding a dot to a half note, its value becomes 2 counts plus half
of 2 counts, or 1, so the new value of the dotted half note would
be 3 counts. Dotting a quarter note makes the new value 1 count
plus 1/2, or 1 1/2 counts and so on.